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飞蝇名词解释(二)

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发表于 2006-12-25 22:44:00 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
<p><br/><u>Hook</u> - the object upon which the fly is tied; can be any size from tiny to huge; made from steel wire, and either bronzed, cadmium coated, or stainless. Hook designs are variable; style used depends upon the type of fly being tied. 钩,大小各异,有镀铜的,镀镉和不锈钢的。钩子设计多样,视绑制的毛钩类型灵活选用。<br/><br/>I<br/><br/><u>Imitative Flies </u>- flies tied to more closely match specific insects (for instance a BWO Comparadun). Imitative flies are most effective in slow-moving, clear water, with finicky trout in fertile streams with large populations of aquatic insects. 模仿昆虫制成诱饵(毛钩),这种诱饵在缓慢流动,清澈的有trout并且水生昆虫很多的水体非常有效。<br/><br/><u>Impressionistic Flies</u> - flies tied to loosely suggest a variety of insects or insect families. For instance, a Hare's Ear nymph in sizes 12-16 can be used as both a mayfly and a caddisfly imitation and in larger sizes as a stonefly imitation. Impressionistic flies are usually most effective in medium to fast water, in streams with sparser populations of aquatic insects. (理想化的?),模仿大多数昆虫的共同特征(个人理解),比如12-16号(?)既可以做mayfly,又可以做caddisfly用,一些大一些的还可以做stonefly用。在在一些有大量水生昆虫的溪流中中速和急流中使用。<br/><br/><u>Indicator</u> - floating object placed on the leader or end of the fly line to "indicate" the take of the fly by a fish or to indicate the path of the drift of the fly; used when nymph fishing with a slack line; very effective. 指示物,漂浮物(漂?)置于leader或者end of the fly line指示鱼的攻击或者诱饵的漂流轨迹。在nymph fishing with a slack line时非常有效(地指示)。<br/><br/>K<br/><br/><u>Knotless Tapered Leader</u> - a fly fishing leader entirely constructed from a single piece of monofilament. Extrusion, or acid immersion are most commonly used to taper the leader. 没有结的Tapered Leader,单丝前导线,经常用Extrusion, or acid immersion等工艺制造(变径)。<br/><br/><u>Knotted Leader</u> - fly fishing leader constructed by knotting sections of different diameter leader material to each other to make a tapered leader. Most commonly used knots to construct such a leader are blood (or barrel) knot and surgeon's knot (see blood knot, surgeon's knot, leader, tapered leader, leader material). 有结的前导线,用不同直径的线连结在一起。常用连接的方式有barrel knot(blood kont)或surgeon's knot。<br/><br/>L<br/><br/><u>Larva</u> - the immature, aquatic, growing stage of the caddis and some other insects. Many species of caddis larva build a protective covering of fine gravel or debris to protect them in this stage. The larva is a bottom dwelling non-swimming stage of the insect. 幼虫,caddis和其他昆虫的水生阶段。很多的caddis larva会利用水中的沙砾保护自身(我的理解),larva阶段是(昆虫)在水底孵化时不会游泳的时期。<br/><br/><u>Leader</u> - the section of monofilament line between the fly line and the fly. It is usually tapered, so that it will deliver the fly softly and away from the fly line (see knotted leader, knotless tapered leader, turn over, and monofilament). 在fly line和fly之间的线(?/那TIPPET怎么连接?接不接?)。通常是tapered line。使诱饵和fly line保持一段距离(避免惊鱼)<br/><br/><u>Leader Material</u> - clear nylon or other type of monofilament. Two types are commonly used. One is the stiff or hard type, used mainly for the butt section and saltwater leaders; the second type is soft or supple monofilament, used mostly for tippets on all line weights, and for complete leaders on light weight fly lines (see leader, monofilament, tippet). 透明nylon或其他单丝线。有两种,一种是硬的,用于前导线的末段活海水前导线,一种是软的单丝,用做tippets on all line weights或complete leaders on light weight fly lines(不太理解?)<br/><br/><u>Level Line</u> (L) - an untapered fly line, usually floating. It is difficult to cast, a poor line for delicacy or distance, and a poor choice for an all round line. 等径fly line,通常是全浮型,难以抛出,a poor line for delicacy or distance, and a poor choice for an all round line(反正是不好:P,估计现在不生产了)。<br/><br/><u>Loading the Rod</u> - phrase used to describe the bend put in the rod by the weight of the line as it travels through the air during the cast. 短语,用于描述抛竿时线的重量拉竿使竿弯曲。<br/><br/>M<br/>Mayfly - world wide, the most commonly imitated aquatic insect. Most dry fly and nymph patterns imitate this insect. Nymph stage of the mayfly lasts approximately one year; adult stages last one to three days. The adult has one pair of upright wings, making it look like a small sailboat. Mayflies are commonly found in cold or cool freshwater environments.世界各地广泛存在的一种常见水生昆虫,大部分的dry fly 和nymph pattern都模仿这种昆虫,蛹的阶段持续差不多一年,成虫只持续1-3天,成虫有一对直立的翅膀,看起来想一条小帆船,Mayflies常见于温度比较底的水中。<br/><br/><u>Mending Line</u> - method used after the line is on the water to achieve a drag free float. It constitutes a flip, or series of flips with the rod tip, which puts a horseshoe shaped bow in the line. This slows down the speed with which the line travels if mended upstream, and speeds up the line if mended downstream. For example: if a cast is across the flow of the stream and the fastest part of the current is on your side, the mends would typically be made upstream to slow the line down so it keeps pace with the fly traveling in the slower current across from you. (不明白)<br/><br/><u>Midge</u> - a term properly applied to the small Dipterans that trout feed on. Many people call them gnats. Adult's appearance is similar to mosquitoes. Midges have two wings that lie in a flat "V" shape over the back when at rest. They are also known as "the fly fisher's curse" because of their small size and trout's affinity to feeding upon them. The term "midge" is sometimes loosely applied (and incorrectly so) when referring to small mayflies.确切地说,Midge是一种 trout喜食的小虫(蚊、蠓),很多人叫它们gnats,成虫象蚊子,有2个翅膀在停飞不动的时候呈V字型置于背部。<br/><br/><br/></p>
[此贴子已经被作者于2006-12-26 21:03:33编辑过]

发表于 2006-12-27 16:21:00 | 显示全部楼层
飞蝇词典
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