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飞蝇名词解释(一)

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发表于 2006-12-25 19:32:00 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
<p align="left"><br/>A<br/><br/><u>Adult </u>- the winged stage of aquatic insects; reproductive stage. (成虫:水生昆虫的羽化阶段、生殖期)<br/><br/>B <br/><br/><u>Backcast</u> - that portion of any fly cast that extends behind the caster (as in false casting). <br/>以身体为轴线,向身后挥动到停止位(2点位置)。<br/><u><br/>Backing</u> - usually braided dacron, used to take up space on the spool before the fly line is attached (see spool and nail knot); on salmon, steelhead, and saltwater reels, also becomes important in fighting fish. <br/>延长线:通常是编制涤纶线,用于连接线抡和主线(fly line)。连接的结要用nail knot,对于搏鱼很重要(个人理解此种线应该能提供很强拉力并具有很强延展性)。<br/><br/><u>Baetis</u> - widely distributed genus of mayflies typically found in sizes 16 to 22. <br/><br/><u>Bamboo</u> - oldest rod building material still in use; the classical fly rod material 竹制飞钓秆,传统的飞钓秆,现在仍然有使用(好象比一般的秆子贵?)<br/><br/><u>Barrel Knot</u> - same as blood knot (see blood knot). 巴瑞尔结:同blood knot(结法待查补图)<br/><img alt="" src="http://www.highcountryflies.com/images/blood_knot.jpg" border="0"/><br/><u>Bass Bug</u> - name used to describe a large number of surface bass flies usually tied with hollow hair (such as deer hair).用于定义很多种类的水面型bass fly,经常用中空毛发绑制(如鹿毛)<br/><br/><u>Bass Bug Taper</u> - a special weight forward floating fly line with a short front taper so that the generally wind-resistant bass bugs can turn over (see weight forward and turn over). 一种特殊的比重靠前的的浮水型主线,线的顶端有一条短的的变径线,能够使generally wind-resistant bass bugs TURN OVER。(参见weight forward and turn over)<br/><br/><u>Blood Knot</u> - the most widely used knot for tying two pieces of monofilament with similar diameters together; the best knot for construction of a knotted tapered leader; also called the barrel knot. 最常使用的一种结,用以连接2根等径的单股线,是绑变径线的最好结法,也叫巴瑞尔结。<br/><br/><u>Breaking Strength</u> - amount of effort required to break a single strand of unknotted monofilament or braided line, usually stated in pounds (example: 6 lb. test). 拉力参数<br/><br/><u>Bucktail</u> - (1) the hair found on the tail of the Eastern whitetail deer, used in the tying of many types of flies; can be dyed any color, or used natural, (2) a type of minnow simulating fly, usually constructed of bucktail. <br/>(1)&nbsp;&nbsp; Eastern whitetail deer尾巴上的毛,用于绑制多种毛钩,可以染色或保持自然色。<br/>(2)&nbsp;&nbsp; 一种象minnow的fly(工作原理象还是形态象?),经常有鸭一样的尾毛。<br/><br/>C <br/><br/><u>Caddis </u>- one of the three most important aquatic insects imitated by fly fishermen; found world wide in all freshwater habitats; adult resembles a moth when in flight; at rest the wings are folded in a tent shape down the back; the most important aquatic state of the caddis is the pupa, which is its emerging stage (also see larva, pupa and emerger). 是三种非常重要的经常被钓鱼者使用(模仿他们绑制fly)的水生昆虫之一,世界各地的淡水栖息地都有,成虫飞动的时候象飞蛾,静止的时候翅膀象后向下叠起成帐篷状。Caddis最重要的水生态是pupa,是蜕皮阶段。(参见larva, pupa and emerger,照片待补)<br/><img alt="" src="http://www.franksawyer.be/BindPatronen/Fotos/Klein/Buck_Caddis.jpg" border="0"/><br/><u>Callibaet</u> is widely distributed genus of mayfly that is commonly found in lakes - often called the "Speckled Wing Dun" because of the speckled markings on the leading edge of the adult's wings. Callibaetis are usually found in sizes 16 &amp; 18. [cannot translate this]<br/><br/><u>Casting Arc</u> - the path that the fly rod follows during a complete cast, usually related to the face of a clock. 抛杆幅度,经常用钟的表面(刻度说明)<br/><img alt="" src="http://www.flyfishingbasics.com/images/casting-angles2.gif" border="0"/><br/><br/><u>Clinch Knot</u> - universally used knot for attaching a hook, lure, swivel, or fly to the leader or line; a slight variation results in the improved clinch knot, which is an even stronger knot for the above uses. 克林奇结:经常用于连接hook, lure, swivel, or fly到leader或者子线,还有一种有些须不同的改进型克林奇结,比克林奇结更加结实一些。<br/><br/><u>CDC</u> - stands for "Cul de Canard" which literally translates to "butt of the duck". Used both to refer to the feathers from the area around the oil gland of a duck and also to the flies tied with these feathers. The feathers from this area are very wispy and impregnated with natural oils making them extremely waterproof.是由Cul de Canard(法语?)翻译过来的,意思是鸭子的屁股。既指鸭屁股附近的羽毛,也指用这些羽毛绑制的钩。这些羽毛非常纤弱,但是这些羽毛的区域有鸭子分泌一种皮脂的腺体,这些腺体的分泌物使得这些羽毛有极大的防水性。<br/><br/><u>Comparadun</u>- series of no-hackle dry flies developed by Caucci &amp; Nastasi in 1970's using a hair wing tied in a 180° flair. They are very effective patterns in slow moving clear water where an imitative (as opposed to impressionistic) pattern is needed. Comparadun是一个没有颈羽的dry fly系列,由Caucci &amp; Nastasi在19世纪70年代开发出来,用毛发扎制了呈180°发散的的翅膀,这个系列是在缓慢流动的清澈的水体中非常有效诱饵式样。(这个翻译很牵强)。<br/><img alt="" src="http://harius.ru/otchet/Volkov.6/Comparadun-2.jpg" border="0"/><br/><u>Co-Polymers</u> - mixtures of various nylons and plastics along with anti-UV chemicals that have resulted in the exceptionally high breaking strength of modern tippet material. Orvis Super Strong is a co-polymer tippet material. This is certainly one of the biggest advancements in fly fishing in the last 50 years. It allows us to use very fine tippets with breaking strengths two to four times as strong as regular nylon monofilament. Co-polymers are not as abrasion resistant as regular nylon monofilament. Co-Polymers是一种多种尼龙和塑料的混合物并与抗紫外线物质复合而成的材料,是至今能够提供最强拉力的制造TIPPET线的原料。Orvis Super Strong就是这样一种制造TIPPET的Co-Polymers材料。这种材料的发现的确是fly fishing。运动在过去50年取得最大进步。它与等径的一般尼龙线相比,强度要大2-4倍。不足是它不如一般尼龙线耐磨。&nbsp;<br/><br/>D<br/><br/><u>Damping</u> - reducing excess vibrations in the rod blank when unloading the rod during a cast. This causes fewer waves in your fly line resulting in more power &amp; distance for less effort. Orvis use a proprietary damping material, called MVR, in the handle of the Trident Rods to accomplish this to a level not attainable by casting skills alone.减震-减少抛干后杆尖的振动,振动会对你的线产生WAVE(波动),导致抛远和力量的减少。Orvis使用独家Damping材料,名称是MVR,应用于鱼杆的把手部分,能够达到通过提高抛杆技术所不能达到的程度。(这部分难4我了)<br/><br/><u>Damselfly </u>- an important stillwater aquatic insect most commonly imitated in the nymphal form; usually hatches in early to mid-summer. Adult looks like a dragonfly, but folds its wings along its back when at rest一种非常重要的水生昆虫(生活于静水),我们会模仿这种昆虫的幼虫阶段。通常在初夏以后到仲夏之间孵化,成虫象dragonfly,休息的时候翅膀叠于背部。 <br/><img alt="" src="http://www.forktail.co.uk/dragons/images/emerald_damselfly_1.jpg" border="0"/><br/><u>Dead Drift</u> - a perfect float (the fly is traveling at the same pace as the current); used in both dry fly and nymph fishing (see mending line and "S" cast). 完美的漂流(等速),在dry fly and nymph fishing都有应用(参考mending line以及 "S" cast)<br/><br/><u>Deer Hair</u> - most commonly used of the hollow hairs for fly tying; used for the Humpy and the Muddler Minnow styles of flies.最常使用的一种中空毛发,用于绑制Humpy and the Muddler Minnow样式的毛钩。<br/><br/><u>Double Taper (DT)</u> - a standard fly line design in which both ends of the line are tapered, while the greater portion or "belly" of the line is level; excellent line for short to moderate length casts, and for roll casting; not as well suited for distance casts; commonly available in floating, or sinking styles.&nbsp;两端变径的线,应用于近、中距的钓距。<br/><br/><u>Drag</u> - (1) term used to describe an unnatural motion of the fly caused by the effect of the current on line and leader. Drag is usually detrimental, though at times useful (such as imitating the actions of the adult caddis). (2) Resistance applied to the reel spool to prevent it from turning faster than the line leaving the spool (used in playing larger fish). <br/><br/><u>Drag Free</u> - see Dead Drift <br/><br/><u>Dragonfly</u> - important stillwater aquatic insect most commonly imitated in the nymphal form; usually hatches in early to mid-summer. Unlike the Damselfly, the Dragonfly adult holds its wings straight out (like an airplane) when at rest.&nbsp;蜻蜓,与Damselfly不同的就是,翅膀在休息时保持的状态。<br/><br/><u>Dry Fly</u> - any fly fished upon the surface of the water; usually constructed of non-water-absorbent materials; most commonly used to imitate the adult stage of aquatic insects. 用于钓水面的毛钩,通常用不吸水的材料制成,模仿成虫。<br/><br/><u>Dry Fly Floatant</u> - chemical preparation that is applied to a dry fly (before using the fly) to waterproof it; may be a paste, liquid, or aerosol. 使Dry Fly保持防水性的一种物质,通常是膏、液、气雾剂。<br/><img alt="" src="http://images.amazon.com/images/P/B000667NV2.01-A3U0RNCURVAA7Z._AA280_SCLZZZZZZZ_.jpg" border="0"/><br/><u>Dun</u> - (1) first stage in the adult mayfly's life cycle; usually of short duration (1 to 24 hours); this is the stage most often imitated by the dry fly; (2) a darkish gray-blue color that is very desirable in some fly tying materials. (1)蜉蝣的第一生命阶段,很短,一般1-24小时(2)深蓝灰色(?)用于绑制毛钩的材料。<br/><br/>E<br/><br/><u>Emerger</u> - pertaining to aquatic insects, the name used to describe that time frame when the nymph reaches the surface and the adult hatches out; the emerging nymph may well be the single most important nymph phase for the fly fishers to imitate.Emerger-水生昆虫的浮到水面并蜕变成成虫的阶段,正在蜕皮阶段的蛹是渔人模仿(绑钩)的最为重要的模仿对象。<br/><br/>F<br/><br/><u>False Cast</u> - standard fly fishing cast; used to lengthen and shorten line, to change direction, and to dry off the fly; frequently overused. In false casting, the line is kept moving backwards and forwards without being allowed to touch the surface of the water or the ground (see casting arc, back cast, and forward cast).&nbsp;抛杆的分解动作,基本动作,用以放线,收线,换方向,或者是让你的dry fly变干,在这个过程中,在线在空中,不允许接触水面或地面(参见:casting arc, back cast, and forward cast)<br/><br/><u>Floating Fly Line (F)</u> - a fly line where the entire line floats; best all round fly line (see double taper, level, shooting head, weight forward). 全浮型fly line。<br/><br/><u>Fly Casting</u> - standard method of presenting a fly to a target using a fly rod and fly line; involves many different casts (see back cast, forward cast, false cast, roll cast, "S" cast, and shooting line). (参见back cast, forward cast, false cast, roll cast, "S" cast, and shooting line)<br/><br/><u>Fly Line</u> - key ingredient to fly fishing; made of a tapered plastic coating over a braided dacron or nylon core; available in several tapers and in floating, sinking, and sink-tip styles (see double taper, shooting head, weight forward, sink-tip, and floating fly line)飞钓器具的重要组成部分,线材是用塑料覆盖在涤纶或尼龙编织线的芯线上制成,大概有以下几种floating, sinking, sink-tip的变径线型。(参见double taper, shooting head, weight forward, sink-tip, and floating fly line)。<br/><br/><u>Fly Reel</u> - fishing reel used in fly fishing to hold the fly line. There are three basic types: single action, multiplier, and automatic. 1.)Single action is the most common and the most popular. Single action means that one turn of the handle equals one turn of the spool. 2.) Multiplying reels use a gear system to increase this ratio (usually, 2-to-1). With a 2-to-1 ratio, each turn of the handle equals 2 revolutions of the spool. 3.) Automatic fly reels are the least practical for most people; they operate by a manually wound spring which is activated by a lever; automatic reels are heavy and tend to malfunction.飞钓轮:有三种类型:single action, multiplier, and automatic.(1)&nbsp;single action是最常见的,齿轮比1:1;(2)&nbsp;multiplier是用齿轮传动结构,变化齿轮比,通常2:1;(3)&nbsp;Automatic对大多数的使用者来说,这是一种最不实用的一种类型。they operate by a manually wound spring which is activated by a lever;(这句不懂),这种轮很重并且容易坏。<br/><br/><u>Fly Rod</u> - a type of fishing rod especially designed to cast a fly line. Fly rods differ from other types of rods in that the reel attaches at the butt of the rod with the rod handle always above the reel; fly rods usually have more line guides than other types of rods of the same length. Fly rod lengths vary, with common lengths being between 7 and 9 feet. Materials used in fly rod construction are bamboo, fiberglass, and graphite.专门为飞蝇这样的钓法设计的钓竿。与其他秆子的不同就是,RELL在秆子的尾部,杆号和线号要严格配套(我的理解)。杆长各异,一般7-9英尺之间,一般用竹,玻璃钢、碳素等材料制造。<br/><br/><u>Forceps</u> - hand operated medical instrument widely used in fly-fishing to remove flies from the jaws of a hooked fish. Have pliers-like jaws with locking clips so that once they are clamped to the hook, they stay there until you release them.钳子:用于摘掉毛勾(钓到鱼后)<br/><br/><u>Forward Cast</u> - the front portion of the false cast or pick-up and lay-down, and a mirror image of the back cast. (向前抛竿,以身体为轴线,向身前挥动到停止位(10点位置)。<br/><br/><u>Forward Taper</u> - see weight forward. (见WT线的解释)<br/><br/><u>Freestone</u> - type of river or stream with a significant gradient resulting in medium to fast-moving water. Although the upper reaches of a freestone stream may be spring-fed, the vast majority of its flow comes from run-off or tributaries. The fast moving water inhibits the growth of weeds or other rooted vegetation resulting in a "Free Stone" bottom. Fresstone streams are less fertile than spring creeks resulting in a smaller and less diverse aquatic insect population. Fewer bugs in faster water usually results in fewer but more opportunistic trout.(这段翻不明白,麻烦修哥)<br/><br/>G<br/><br/><u>Gel-spun polyethylene</u> - A synthetic fiber that is extremely thin, supple, slippery, very abrasion resistant, and strong. It is stronger than steel for its size. It is often used as a braided fly line backing where large amounts of backing are needed and space on the reel is limited.一种合成纤维,非常细,并且柔滑,非常耐磨,很强韧。比等径的钢丝还要结实,用做延长线(用这种材料做成的编织线)<br/><br/><u>Graphite</u> - the most popular rod-building material in use today; offers the best weight, strength, and flex ratio of any rod building material currently available. 石墨,目前最好的制竿材料。制成的竿子具有轻、强度大、很好弯曲度(?)。<br/><br/>H<br/><br/><u>Hackle</u> - a feather, usually from the neck area of a chicken; can be any color (dyed or natural); hackle quality, such as the stiffness of the individual fibers and amount of web, determines the type of fly tied with the hackle; many hackles are grown specifically for fly tying. <br/>颈羽,鸡脖子或背部的毛(可以用自然色或染色),颈羽的品质,比如说羽毛的硬度,羽瓣的数量,决定适用于绑制哪种毛钩。有些颈羽天生就是绑制毛钩的好材料。<br/><br/><u>Headwaters</u> - upstream section of the river before the main tributaries join it. This section is typically much smaller in width and flow than the main section of the river.源头,支流汇入之前。<br/><br/><u>Hollow Hair</u> - hair from some animals is mostly hollow, thus holding air and making these hairs float. Ideal for tying dry flies and bass bugs. Antelope, deer, and elk all have hollow hair. 中空毛发,适用于绑制dry fly,bass bug。来自羚羊,鹿,麋。</p><p align="left"><br/><br/></p>
[此贴子已经被作者于2006-12-25 22:41:43编辑过]

发表于 2006-12-25 19:44:00 | 显示全部楼层
<p>看看我们伟!!!大家看看,看看</p>
发表于 2006-12-25 20:11:00 | 显示全部楼层
可哥 ,怎么看不见啊 ?小李[em04][em04][em04]
发表于 2006-12-25 20:17:00 | 显示全部楼层
顶了,有机会要仔细学习非常喜欢,收藏!!!!![em02][em02][em02]
发表于 2007-1-10 03:06:00 | 显示全部楼层
<p>我们新疆的钓手有很多人会做这种拟饵.一般我们都是用马熊的毛绑扎.用六丛或四丛再经过修剪就能扎出小昆虫的样子,要是提前再着色,按色排列绑扎修剪还能扎出蜜蜂的样子.效果非常好.我们这里有很多的河流可以钓鱼,而且肉食性的鱼类也很多.</p>
发表于 2007-3-11 22:37:00 | 显示全部楼层
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